Learn to Felt Crocheted Projects

Feb 4, 2010

Felting: it's a word that inspires delight and fear, excitement and apprehension. I've washed my fair share of completed wool sweaters and even once was given a vest that, amazingly, fit me perfectly despite the fact that it had been washed and felted and no longer fit its original owner. But I have also experienced the wonderment of creating a project, carefully placing it in the washer and checking it, perhaps too often, to witness its transformation into a dense, slightly fuzzy fabric. If you have never felted before, there are a few things to remember, and I'll share some beginner-friendly felting projects.

Your first step will be to choose a pattern. The swatches I used are from the Bubble Bag pattern found in the Winter 2009 issue. Felting makes wonderful fabric for bags, so I would also recommend the Overlay Felted Tote for the intermediate crocheter or, for something a little different, the Waffle Lattice Shawl for the beginning crocheters.

Next you have to choose a yarn. Synthetic yarns with bases such as cotton, linen, or nylon do not felt. Yarns with an animal fiber base such as wool, alpaca, or mohair make wonderful felting yarns. The yarn should not be superwash, because it is treated so that it does not shrink in the wash.

The most important thing is to swatch. Create a few swatches and play with the felting until you get the desired finished fabric.

The hook size generally called for in a felting pattern creates a very loose stitch. If you are creating your own pattern, a good rule is to go up several hook sizes from the recommended hook size. Notice the looseness of the stitches in the first, unfelted swatch above.

Felting requires supplies you will generally find at home. You can felt in your kitchen sink, but a washing machine will make the work much faster and easier. Place the crocheted fabric in a zippered pillowcase or lingerie bag. This keeps fibers loosened from your fabric out of the plumbing and plumber's bills out of your mailbox. Toss the bag in the washing machine along with a couple of towels or old blue jeans to help with agitation. Set the washing machine to the lowest water level and the hottest water setting. Remember that with hot water, colors may run so don't add towels or jeans that may stain your crochet or towels or jeans you don't mind being stained by the yarn. Add a small amount of mild detergent or soap. Consult your pattern for an idea of how long to felt the project. The longer the crochet is agitated in the washer, the more felting occurs and the denser it will become. The second and third swatches above were felted for differing lengths of time. You can see that the third swatch is much denser and the stitch definition is almost completely obscured. If you are unsure, it is a good idea to check it after the first 10 minutes and then again every few minutes after the crochet begins to visibly felt. Rinse the fabric in cold water to stop the felting process.

Once you know the best length of time for felting your selected yarn, you can begin your project. When it is done, follow the felting instructions above. While the fabric is still wet you can block the project to any shape. Use towels, bowls, or anything else the proper size to form the felting around. In the case of the Bubble Bag, you may want to stuff it with plastic bags until it is the shape you like. Then let it air dry.

Have fun! You can share pictures your finished felted projects in the Gallery.

Best wishes,

 


Featured Products

Overlay Felted Tote

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eProject

A French square overlay is striking against a felted base.

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Waffle Lattice Shawl

Availability: In Stock
Was: $5.50
Sale: $3.85

eProject

Felted crochet chains create a striking lattice pattern shawl.

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Comments

MargoL wrote
on Feb 4, 2010 8:06 AM

Great article!  But I think there was a typo in this sentence:  "Synthetic yarns with bases such as cotton, linen, or nylon do not felt."

After all, cotton and linen are plant fibers, not synthetics.  Should it be "Yarns with bases such as...." or "Synthetic yarns and those with bases such as....."?

rkr4cds wrote
on Feb 4, 2010 9:19 PM

Yes, I agree w/MHL... I guess we belong to the Unofficial Grammar Police..

But what I would point out is the difference between calling this Felting and Fulling.

Technically, Felting is the bringing together—through heat [alternating hot & cold], moisture and agitation/friction—of loose fibers, while Fulling using these techniques and others,on fibers or textiles which have already been put into a 'fabric' form, through Knitting/Crochet/Weaving/Tatting/and all other formats we use today to form fabric material.

Think Austrian Boiled Wool Jackets: they are the result of this specialized method of Fulling already-constructed-fabrics, not loose fibers, just as this article is demonstrating Fulling crocheted garments, accessories and granny squares.

We Needle Felters are attempting to educate the ages-old traditional wet felting devotees, that there should be an entirely different term applied to Dry / Needle Felting, as even the same fibers sold for the standard, traditional wet felting, with its accompanying information—if given— don't (usually) hold true for dry work and should be re-labeled for dry work.  

It's an uphill battle, as this field is only 30+ years old...in the hands of individual textile artists, and in the hands of beginners, who count on the Suppliers for information, are not receiving necessary info for making an informed choice for each project, by learning the characteristics of each breed: crimp/length/curl/etc..

But Fulling has been around for much Much longer and deserves its own title and its own place in the Industry.  

Thx for listening!

KarenO@9 wrote
on Feb 5, 2010 12:13 PM

I am interested in felting (fulling?) crochet. Does felting work in a front load washing machine?  All of the directions seem to be geared to a top loading machine.  Any information that you have would be helpful. Thanks for the article.

klcostle wrote
on Feb 8, 2010 11:47 AM

From what I have read, front loading washers don't agitate enough to cause fulling.  Mind you, I have not tried it myself in my front loader, but many many people have told me it just doesn't work.  

crolyn wrote
on Feb 19, 2010 4:08 PM

I appreciate the good information in the article.  I started felting (fulling)  about 1 1/2 years ago, and I have been going strong ever since.  So far my projects have been hats and handbags.  It was so much fun to see and hear the exclamations of surprise at Christmas this last year.  I have found that some yarns felt more quickly than others.  Another discovery this last year was that my medium sized Tupperware bowl was the perfect shaper for the hats I make!  I'll bet Tupperware never advertised that tidbit of information.

craftdesigns wrote
on May 2, 2011 7:57 AM

Wanted you to know I posted a link to this tutorial today on my blog.

Nancy Ward

PaperFriendly

http://www.nancywardcrafts.com

Toni Rexroat wrote
on May 2, 2011 9:57 AM

Thank you Nancy!

on Oct 16, 2013 3:26 PM

Interweave Crochet Accessories 2014 is just bursting with all types of crochet goodness and techniques

on Oct 16, 2013 3:26 PM

Interweave Crochet Accessories 2014 is just bursting with all types of crochet goodness and techniques