Crochet Stitch Glossary

Find definitions for crochet terms. Learn how to crochet basic crochet stitches with detailed stitch diagrams, and explore Tunisian crochet stitches, foundation stitches, crochet chain embroidery, and more.

A

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Applied slip stitch crochet

  With crochet hook, right side facing, and holding yarn under fabric and hook on right side of work, insert hook through fabric, pull up a loop. Insert hook a short distance away, yarn over hook (Figure 1), and pull a new loop up and through loop on hook (Figure 2).  

B

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Back post double crochet (BPdc)

Working around the front or the back of a post of the previous row gives an interesting raised ridge on the crochet fabric. Around-the-post double crochet is worked by inserting the hook from the front or back and around the post of the double crochet of the previous row.  While this technique is commonly worked…

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Back post half double crochet (BPHdc)

Working around the front or the back of a post of the previous row gives an interesting raised ridge on the crochet fabric. Around-the-post crochet is worked by inserting the hook from the front or back and around the post of the stitch of the previous row. While this technique is commonly worked in double…

Back post single crochet (Bpsc)

Insert hook from back to front to back around post of corresponding stitch below, yarn over and pull up loop, yarn over and draw through two loops on hook.

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Backstitch seam

  Bring right sides of pieces together. Hold pieces in your hand with the 2 edges facing you and piece A closest to you. Work from right to left. Step 1: Secure seaming yarn on wrong side of piece A at start of the seam. Pass needle through both pieces, from front to back in first stitch. Then bring needle back to front through…

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Blanket stitch

This stitch, worked from left to right, is great for edging a knitted garment or blanket. Bring threaded needle out from back to front at the center of a knitted stitch. *Insert needle at center of next stitch to the right and two rows up, and out at the center of the stitch two rows below. Repeat from *.…

C

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Chain (ch)

A chain can be used for all sorts of reasons in a pattern but most often it is used as the starting place for a crochet project. In this case it is known as your foundation chain. Here's how to make a crochet chain: Make a slipknot on hook, *yarn over and draw through loop of…

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Crochet chain embroidery

  Holding yarn under background, insert hook through center of background, pull up loop, *insert hook into background a short distance away, pull 2nd loop up through the first loop on hook; repeat from *.  

D

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Double crochet (dc)

If you are starting a new pattern you'll begin by making a foundation chain. Chain the number of stitches you want for your dc row plus three. So, if you want a row of five dc stitches you want to begin with eight chains. You will skip the first three chains, which count as your…

Double crochet four together (dc4tog)

This technique among others is used to create decreases in crochet to eliminate one or more stitches. An external decrease is worked at the beginning or end of a row, at the side edge. Internal decreases, like double crochet four together, are worked within the row. Generally you'll find decrease instructions in an individual pattern…

Double crochet three together (dc3tog)

This technique among others is used to create decreases in crochet to eliminate one or more stitches. An external decrease is worked at the beginning or end of a row, at the side edge. Internal decreases, like double crochet three together, are worked within the row. Generally you'll find decrease instructions in an individual pattern…

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Double crochet two together (dc2tog)

To decrease in crochet is to eliminate one or more stitches. An external decrease is worked at the beginning or end of a row, at the side edge. Internal decreases, like double crochet two together, are worked within the row. Generally you’ll find decrease instructions in an individual pattern to suite the particular stitch being…

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Double treble crochet (dtr)

  Yarn over three times and insert hook in 6th chain from hook. Draw a loop through chain—5 loops on hook; [yarn over and draw through 2 loops] 4 times.  

E

Extended double crochet (edc)

Yarn over, insert hook in next stitch or chain, yarn over and pull up loop (3 loops on hook), yarn over and draw through 1 loop (1 chain made), [yarn over and draw through 2 loops] 2 times—1 edc completed.

Extended single crochet (esc)

Insert hook in next stitch or chain, yarn over and pull up loop (2 loops on hook), yarn over and draw through 1 loop (1 chain made), yarn over and pull through 2 loops—1 esc completed.

F

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Foundation double crochet (Fdc)

A chainless foundation, such as foundation double crochet, is an alternative to creating a foundation chain. This technique creates your stitch and chain at the same time. This method produces a foundation row that is sized similarly to a regular row. Because this method eliminates the chain altogether, it makes your foundation row and the…

Foundation half double crochet (FHdc)

A chainless foundation, such as foundation half double crochet, is an alternative to creating a foundation chain. This technique creates your stitch and chain at the same time. The benefit to this method is that it is often faster, and produces a foundation row that is sized similarly to a regular row. Because this method…

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Foundation single crochet (Fsc)

Foundation single crochet, also known as base chain single crochet, is a chainless foundation technique. This technique creates your stitch and chain at the same time. The benefit to this method is that it is often faster, and produces a foundation row that is sized similarly to a regular row. Because this method eliminates the…

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Four-strand braid

  Step 1: Divide the four strands into left and right groups (Figure 1). Step 2: Bring the outside right strand under the two inside strands and then back over the right inside strand (Figure 2). The outside right strand becomes the inside right strand. Step 3: Bring the outside left strand under the two inside strands and then…

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French knot

  Bring needle out of background from back to front, wrap yarn around needle 1 to 3 times and use thumb to hold in place while pulling needle through wraps into background a short distance from where it came out.  

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Front post double crochet (FPdc)

Working around the front or the back of a post of the previous row gives an interesting raised ridge on the crochet fabric. Around-the-post double crochet is worked by inserting the hook from the front or back and around the post of the double crochet of the previous row. While this technique is commonly worked…

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Front post half double crochet (FPhdc)

Working around the front or the back of a post of the previous row gives an interesting raised ridge on the crochet fabric. Around-the-post crochet is worked by inserting the hook from the front or back and around the post of the crochet stitch of the previous row. While this technique is commonly worked in…

Front post treble crochet (FPtr)

Working around the front or the back of a post of the previous row gives an interesting raised ridge on the crochet fabric. Around-the-post crochet is worked by inserting the hook from the front or back and around the post of the crochet stitch of the previous row. While this technique is commonly worked in…

H

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Half double crochet (hdc)

If you are starting a new pattern you'll begin by making a foundation chain. Chain the number of stitches you want for your hdc row plus two. So, if you want a row of five hdc stitches you want to begin with seven chains. You will skip the first two chains, which count as your…

Half double crochet three together (Hdc3tog)

This technique among others is used to create decreases in crochet to eliminate one or more stitches; in this case you will be decreasing two stitches from your count. An external decrease is worked at the beginning or end of a row, at the side edge. Internal decreases, like half double crochet three together, are…

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Half double crochet two together (Hdc2tog)

This technique among others is used to create decreases in crochet to eliminate one or more stitches. An external decrease is worked at the beginning or end of a row, at the side edge. Internal decreases, like half double crochet two together, are worked within the row. Generally you'll find decrease instructions in an individual…

M

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Mattress Stitch

  Wi th RS facing, use threaded needle to *bring the needle through the center of the first stitch or post on one piece, then through the center of the corresponding stitch or post of the other piece. Repeat from * to end of seam.  

O

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Overhand Knot

Use at least 2 strands to make this knot. Form a loop with the ends (Figure 1). Thread the tail behind and back through the loop. As you tighten the knot, use your finger or a crochet hook to slide it into position (Figure 2).

P

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Pom pom

  Cut two circles of cardboard, each 1⁄2” (1.3 cm) larger than desired finished pom-pom width. Cut a small circle out of the center and a small edge out of the side of each circle (Figure 1). Tie a strand of yarn between the circles, hold circles together and wrap with yarn—the more wraps, the thicker the pompom. Knot the…

R

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Reverse single crochet (rev sc)

  Working from left to right, insert crochet hook in an edge stitch and pull up loop, yarn over and draw this loop through the first one to join, *insert hook in next stitch to right (Figure 1), pull up a loop, yarn over (Figure 2), and draw through both loops on hook (Figure 3); repeat from *.  

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Running Stitch

Working small straight stitches, pass the threaded needle over one knitted stitch and under the next to form a dashed line. The stitches can be worked in equal or varying lengths, horizontally, vertically, or diagonally.

S

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Satin stitch

  This stitch is ideal for filling in open areas, such as the center of leaves or flowers. Work closely spaced straight stitches, in graduated lengths as desired, and entering and exiting in the center of or at the side of the crocheted stitches.  

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Single crochet (sc)

Single crochet is one of the more common stitches you'll run across in crochet patterns, and is especially popular for use in amigurumi designs. Because of its short height, it creates a more dense fabric than other stitches. If you are starting a new pattern you'll begin by making a foundation chain. Chain the number…

Single crochet three together (sc3tog)

[Insert hook in next stitch, yarn over, pull loop through stitch] 3 times (4 loops on hook). Yarn over and draw yarn through all 4 loops on hook. Completed sc3tog—2 stitches decreased.

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Single crochet two together (sc2tog) Tutorial

To decrease in crochet is to eliminate one or more stitches. An external decrease is worked at the beginning or end of a row, at the side edge. Internal decreases, like single crochet two together, are worked within the row. Generally you’ll find decrease instructions in an individual pattern to suite the particular stitch being…

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Single-crochet seam

  Place the pieces together with the wrong or right sides facing depending on whether you want your seam to be hidden on the wrong side or show on the right side of your work. Hold the pieces in your hand with the two edges facing you.  Insert the hook through both pieces at the beginning of the seam and pull up…

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Slip-stitch seam

  Make a slipknot with seaming yarn and place on hook. With RS of pieces facing each other, *insert hook through both pieces of fabric under the stitch loops, wrap yarn around hook to form a loop (Figure 1), and pull loop back through both pieces of fabric and through the loop already on hook (Figure 2). Repeat from *, maintaining…

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Stem stitch embroidery

  Bring the needle through the fabric from the back. Take a stitch as shown, keeping the thread below the needle. Repeat. The needle always emerges on the left side of the previous stitch so that the stitches overlap slightly.  

T

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Three-strand braid

  Step 1: Begin with 3 strands or 3 groups of strands. Tie an overhand knot at one end (Figure 1). Step 2: Lay right strand over middle strand. Right strand becomes new middle strand. Step 3: Lay left strand over new middle strand (Figure 2). Repeat Steps 2 (Figure 3) and 3 (Figure 4) to desired length.…

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Treble crochet (tr)

  *Yarn over 2 times, insert hook in stitch, yarn over and pull up loop (4 loops on hook; Figure 1), yarn over and draw through 2 loops (Figure 2), yarn over and draw through 2 loops, yarn over and draw through remaining 2 loops (Figure 3); repeat from *.  

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Tunisian Knit Stitch (tks)

Tunisian crochet differs from conventional crochet in several ways. In Tunisian, loops for several stitches remain on the hook at one time, as opposed to conventional crochet where the loop for only one stitch is on the hook at a time. Also, the piece is not turned at the end of a row, so the…

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Tunisian Purl Stitch (tps)

Tps Forward pass (FwP): *Insert hook from right to left behind front vertical bar, yarn over and pull up loop (see Figure), leave loop on hook; repeat from * to last vertical bar at edge, pick up front and back loops of last bar to create firm edge; return pass. Return pass (RetP): Yarn over…

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Tunisian Simple Stitch (tss)

Tss forward pass (FwP): *Insert hook from right to left behind front vertical bar (Figure 1), yarn over and pull up loop (Figure 2), leave loop on hook; repeat from * to last vertical bar at edge, pick up front and back loops of last bar to create firm edge; return pass. Return pass (RetP):…

W

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Whipstitch embroidery

  With right side of work facing and working through edge stitch, *bring threaded needle out from back to front along edge of piece. Wrap around edge to back and repeat from *.  

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Whipstitch seam

  Place pieces with right sides together. Hold pieces with the two edges facing you. Step 1: Secure seaming yarn on wrong side of one piece. Pass needle through pieces from back to front at start of seam. This creates a small stitch to begin seam. Step 2: A little farther left, pass needle through pieces, again from back to…

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Woven seams

  Place pieces side by side on a flat surface, right sides facing you and the edges lined up row by row or stitch by stitch.  Step 1: Secure seaming yarn on wrong side of piece A at start of seam. Pass needle to right side at bottom of first stitch.  Step 2: Put needle through bottom of first stitch…