Foundation double crochet (Fdc)

A chainless foundation, such as foundation double crochet, is an alternative to creating a foundation chain. This technique creates your stitch and chain at the same time. This method produces a foundation row that is sized similarly to a regular row. Because this method eliminates the chain altogether, it makes your foundation row and the rest of the rows and stitches in your project more evenly aligned. Another benefit of this technique is that it helps to maintain even tension from the very first stitch to the last.

Here’s how to foundation double crochet:

Chain 3. Yarn over, insert hook in 3rd chain from hook, yarn over and pull up loop (3 loops on hook), yarn over and draw through 1 loop (1 chain made), [yarn over and draw through 2 loops] 2 times (Figure 1)— foundation double crochet. Yarn over, insert hook under 2 loops of chain at bottom of stitch just made, yarn over and pull up loop (3 loops on hook) (Figure 2), yarn over and draw through 1 loop (1 chain made), [yarn over and draw through 2 loops] 2 times (Figure 3). *Yarn over, insert hook under 2 loops of chain at bottom of stitch just made (Figure 4), yarn over and pull up loop (3 loops on hook), yarn over and draw through 1 loop (1 chain made), [yarn over and draw through 2 loops] 2 times. Repeat from * as needed (Figure 5).

Foundation double crochet (Fdc) - Figure 1Foundation double crochet (Fdc) - Figure 2

Foundation double crochet (Fdc) - Figure 3Foundation double crochet (Fdc) - Figure 4Foundation double crochet (Fdc) - Figure 5

You can also find instructions in Crochet Me's glossary for similar techniques including: