Ultimate Crochet Socks

Apr 12, 2007
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by Dorothy Hardy


Ultimate Crocheted Socks

I like crocheting socks from the toe-up. You can try them on as you go and adjust the calf length to the amount of yarn remaining. I also like to crochet the heel as I go; no after-thoughts for me. The custom fit is better and you’re finished when the cuff is done. I designed this pattern so I could crochet socks my way – toe up in one piece with a gusseted heel.

Materials List

  • SocksMC: Gedifra Fashion Trend Sportivoe (70% superwash wool, 23% polyamid, 7% polyester, 200m/50g), color – 5768, 2 balls per pair
    • Substitute: About 400m of any sock yarn  
  • US F/3.75mm hook for body of sock
  • US E /3.5mm hook for cuff
  • Yarn needle
  • Stitch markers

Finished Size

S [M, L]

Circumference of foot: 8 [8.75,9.5] inches

Length: to fit


20 esc / 20 rows = 4 inches

Gauge is measured over extended single crochet. Row gauge is not terribly important since you will crochet the sock to fit a measured length. If you have trouble obtaining the specified stitch gauge, try following the directions for the next smaller or larger size to ensure a good fit.


Pattern is worked primarily in the round. Do not turn or join rounds unless directed otherwise.

Stitch markers are used to mark the increases in the toe section and then are not used again until you reach the ankle/heel area. Markers should be moved up in the same stitch in each round. Once you complete the toe, you can remove the markers, crochet in the round til you reach the ankle, and then replace them. Or move the markers up with each round if you prefer. It is helpful to use a distinct marker to mark the start of the round, to distinguish it from the mid-round marked stitch. I use 2 safety pins hooked together to mark the start of the round and single pins everywhere else.

For simplicity and symmetry, increases are always made in pairs, before and after each marked stitch. Increases are made by crocheting two stitches (either sc or esc as applicable) in the specified stitch.

When crocheting the first few rows of the heel, I sometimes find it difficult to distinguish between the heel stitches and the next unworked foot stitch. For this reason, I mark the first and last stitch of the heel as well as the next unworked foot stitch on both ends of the heel. While moving the markers can be a pain, it allows for mindless crocheting of the heel. After the first few rows, when the heel is established and it’s easier to tell the stitches apart, I dispense with the markers.

Special Stitch Patterns:

Extended single crochet (esc): Insert hook in next stitch, yarn over and pull up a loop, yarn over and pull through one loop, yarn over and pull through both loops. (Sort of like making a chain stitch at the beginning of your single crochet stitch.)

Fpdc & bpdc (front post double crochet & back post double crochet, respectively): See instructions for the front post double crochet here, and back post double crochet here.

The Pattern


With MC and larger hook, ch 11.

Round 1: Sc in 2nd chain from hook and in each chain across, continue sc up other side in free loops of chain (20 sc).

Round 2: Sc in first sc of Round 1, place marker (see notes) in stitch just made, 2 sc in next st, sc in each of next 7 sts, 2 sc in next st, sc in next st, place marker in stitch just made, 2 sc in next st, sc in each of next 7 sts, 2 sc in next st (the last stitch before marker) - 24 sc.

Round 3: Sc in each st around.

Round 4: Sc in first marked st, 2 sc in next st, sc across to last st before next marker, 2 sc in last st before marker, sc in marked st, 2 sc in next st, sc across to last st before marker, 2 sc in last st before marker - 28 sc. You are simply increasing in stitches before and after each marker in this round.

Rounds 5 thru 10 [12, 14]:  Repeat rounds 3 and 4, increasing 4 sts on every other round) - 40 (44, 48 sc) at the end of the last round.

Do not finish off. Continue with Foot.


Round 1:  Esc in each st around - 40 [44, 48] esc.

Work evenly in esc until sock measures 2.5 inches LESS THAN desired foot length (back of heel to tip of toe).


Place markers: Fold sock in half, with the foundation edge flat at the tip of the toe. The top layer of the tube is the top of the foot; the bottom layer is the bottom of the foot. Locate and mark (with a unique marker), the center stitch on top of foot for the midpoint marker. Place markers in 9th [10th, 11th] stitch on either side of center top foot stitch to mark the sides of the foot. Markers should be located about 1 stitch in from the side edges when the sock is folded flat.

Round 1:  Esc in first marked st, 2 esc in next st, esc in each st across to last st before next marker, 2 esc in last st before marker, esc in marked st, 2 esc in next st, esc in each st across to last st before marker, 2 esc in last st before marker - 44 [48, 52] esc. You are simply increasing in stitches before and after marker in this round.

Round 2:  Esc even in each st around.

Rounds 3 thru 9:  Repeat rounds 1 & 2, ending with Round 1 - 60 [64, 68] esc.

Round 10:  Esc in each st across to midpoint marker.

Try sock on for fit and adjust rows and shaping before working heel.

Do not fasten off. Continue with heel turn.

Turn Heel

Note: The slip stitches attach the heel to the foot as you go.

Begin working in rows, starting at midpoint marker.

Row 1:  Sc in marked st and in each of next 14 sts, place marker in st just made, 2 sc in next st, sc in each of next 1 [3, 5] sts, 2 sc in next st, sc in next st, place marker in st just made, sl st in next st, turn - 7 [9, 11] sc between and including marked heel sts.

Row 2:  Ch 1, sc in first st, 2 sc in next st, sc in each of next 3 [5, 7] sts, 2 sc in next st, sc in marked st, sl st in next unworked foot st (see notes), turn - 9 [11, 13] sc.

Row 3 (S ONLY):  Ch 1, sc in first st, (2 sc in next st) four times, sc in next st, (2 sc in next st) twice, sc in marked st, sl st in next unworked foot st, turn - 15 sc.

Row 3 (M/L ONLY):  Ch 1, sc in first st, (2 sc in next st) twice, sc in each of next [1, 2] sts, (2 sc in next st) twice, sc in each of next [2, 3] sts, (2 sc in next st) twice, sc in marked st, sl st in next unworked foot st, turn - [17, 19] sc.

Row 4: Ch 1, sc in first st, (2 sc in next st) twice, sc in each of next 3 [4, 5] sts, (2 sc in next st) twice, sc in each of next 4 [5, 6] sts, (2 sc in next st) twice, sc in marked st, sl st in next unworked foot st, turn - 21 [23, 25] sc.


Row 5:  Ch 1, sc in each st across to marker, sl st in next unworked foot stitch - 21 [23, 25] sc.  

Repeat Row 5 until you reach the foot side markers. Continue repeating Row 5 until sl st is 2 stitches beyond the side foot marker, or until there are 40 [44, 48] sts around the ankle opening. End at the beginning of round marker.

Do not fasten off. Check the fit and adjust rows if necessary. Continue with Ankle.


Begin working in rounds in extended single crochet.

Round 1:  Esc in each st around - 40 [44, 48] esc.

Continue to work esc in each st around until ankle measures 1 inch less than desired calf length.

Do not fasten off. Check the fit and adjust any rows if necessary. Continue with Cuff.


Switch to smaller hook.

Round 1:  Dc in each st around, sl st in first dc - 40 [44, 48] dc.

Round 2:  (Fpdc in first dc, bpdc in next dc) around (see Notes), sl st in first fpdc.

Round 3:  Fpdc in each fpdc, bpdc in each bpdc around, sl st in first fpdc.

Fasten off and weave in the yarn ends.

Sock, up close 

The author has licensed this page under a Creative Commons License. Some rights reserved.

For even more crochet sock patterns, check out this free eBook from Crochet Me.

+ Add a comment


Helen wrote
on Apr 17, 2007 6:20 PM

Hi Dorothy - I think your sock pattern is great - looks like something I could do and I will try it. By the way, that's a cute dog you have.

Kat wrote
on Apr 23, 2007 4:56 AM

hey i had the same problem and just lay it flat and counted it out, centred it on the bottom and the heels works then :)

Dorothy wrote
on Apr 27, 2007 11:23 AM

Upon closer reading of the pattern as posted, I've realized the source of the confusion on the heel placement. When placing the markers for the gusset round, only place a beginning marker and a side marker. Do NOT place a marker in the center top of foot. The "midpoint" marker refered to in Gusset Round 10 is the SIDE marker.

This extra marker may also explain why some crocheter's socks were coming out huge. If you were increasing at each of 3 markers (instead of 2) each round, your stitch count would be way off and obviously the sock would be way larger than intended.


Kate wrote
on May 12, 2007 8:34 PM

I am still getting a really big heel. I only increase at the side markers,but my heel is going up the entire back of the sock and I cannot get the sock down to forty stitches. I have taken to decreasing my stitches instead. I have ripped out the sock at least three times!

Dorothy Hardy wrote
on Jun 6, 2007 11:08 AM

My earlier reply to this comment seems to have disappeared, so I'm paraphrasing here.

If your stitch count is not decreasing, I suspect that you are sc into the slip stitch or turning chain at the end of each heel row. You only want to sc into the sc. Do not count the sl or turning chain as a stitch. In this way, you maintain a constant heel stitch count (once the 4 rows of the heel turn are done). By slip stitching into one more unworked stitch at the end of each heel row, your total stitch count around the ankle opening will decrease with each heel row.

Try using the markers as suggested in the pattern to help avoid working into the sl and turning chain. They can be hard to distinguish in those first few rows.

Hope this helps,


Blufaerie wrote
on Aug 27, 2007 7:19 PM

This pattern is too cute! I totally will make these!

Jenn wrote
on Sep 14, 2007 3:18 PM

Hi Dorothy!

First of all, I love this pattern and I am working on it right now, but got stuck on the heel. I am so glad that I thought to come here and check for any corrections!

I am making mine in the Knit One Crochet Two Wick yarn and it is working out beautifully!

Thank you for writing this pattern! I have been wanting to crochet socks, but I haven't really cared for any of the patterns that I have seen "out there" for crochet.

Keep up the awesome work!


Quickbeam wrote
on Oct 18, 2007 12:29 PM

I made these socks and got about a 6" high heel! I essentially rewrote the pattern and sized down to the small AND used a smaller hook. Play with it...the pattern is an excellent guide for crochet socks. I'd knitted a million but these were my first crochet ones.

KnottyMelody wrote
on Jan 8, 2008 11:37 AM
Hi Dorothy,

I'm working on your pattern right now and am almost finished with the first sock. I'm using a Koigu hand-painted sock yarn that a friend gave me as a gift last year. I haven't found that perfect pattern for the yarn until now! Your pattern is so pretty and easy to work up. Thanks so much! Will post a pic when finished.


D.M@3 wrote
on Feb 1, 2008 5:37 PM
With longer (91/2) narrow (AA/B) feet, socks that fit are
as hard to find as shoes!! I have made some but hate
top-down patterns. This one Is totally fabulous--Custom

all the way - Heavenly!

Lady Black Pearl
Spinner of fleeces, cuddler of crias, shoveler of beanies

Believer in the infinite variety of the Universe

ferrous wrote
on Mar 10, 2008 5:19 PM

i'm making these now & so far, it's great! love the pattern. thanks so much. :-)

chattyme wrote
on Sep 8, 2008 12:41 PM

Questions from a beginner ... 1: Using the fingering / sock weight yarn as suggested, do these socks turn out thin enough to wear inside of slippers or shoes? 2: I was testing to see if I could follow the pattern and only worked into the toe with larger worsted yarn (just testing - until I get the right yarn) and an H hook. I had trouble seeing where I'd marked the stitches. How do you place a marker --- do you place it on the V that forms at the top of the completed stitch? Do you keep moving it up on every row? If I make the increases in slightly the wrong spot, will it ruin my socks? Sorry to pester - I'm such a beginner and get so frazzled at times. Thanks for any help.

jdepplover wrote
on Jan 11, 2009 4:12 PM

Thank you for this fabulous pattern. However, I am stuck at the TURN HEEL directions. When I place the markers exactly as suggested and follow directions and only turn when instructed, the markers never seem to be where the directions indicate. When I ignore markers and ONLY turn where it says to turn it doesn't work out either? I have ripped it out 4 times now, and for the life of me I don't know what I am doing wrong. Do I turn at beginning of each row no matter if it says to or not? Do I only turn when it says to? When I turn in row ONE before the 7 sc and begin row 2 with Ch 1...it doesn't say to turn again? So, do I NOT turn and continue working the row and not turn until the end where it says to turn and sc 9? OR/ are we supposed to assume that we turn at the beginning of EACH new row regardless if it says to or not??? Sorry for the confusion. I am frustrated because they are turning out so nice and then got VERY stuck here at the TURN HEEL. HELP!

Tracy wrote
on Mar 10, 2009 7:26 PM
The problem with crochet socks as we know is that they were always so thick more like slippers. Your sock pattern has broken through that mold and you have made crochet socks that you can wear comfortably with shoes. Thank You ever so much and I bow before you.

Tracy Olson decafsis

sanhita wrote
on Jun 6, 2009 10:30 AM
Hi Dorothy,

I made two pairs of socks with this pattern recently!! I must admit that I am in love with this pattern!! It can be so easily be adapted to fit perfectly any pair of feet!! I think I'll be making some more in future!!

lizshade wrote
on Jul 7, 2009 8:14 PM
HELP!!! I am a new crocheter and I dont understand some of the abbreviations. I love the socks and have all the supplies. Your socks Dorothy are beautiful. What does MC stand for here? With MC and larger hook, ch 11. and lastly what does Esc in each st around . ESC here mean? You know Dorothy what would be awesome to make a video lesson of these awesome socks. It would help greatly.


lizshade wrote
on Jul 9, 2009 8:03 PM

I have found someone who is a crochet teacher on you tube willing to make your beautiful socks into a video tutorial. She has many videos on line. All we need is your permission to do this. We would love it as this can help us all greatly make your beautiful socks. Please reply as soon as possible so we can get this started. The reason I am so interested into making this into a you tube video is because there is so little out there for thin beautiful crochet socks for manybeginners to learn to make or others. Your pattern is wonderful and I am a visual learner. Please respond at lizshade@yahoo.com.

vicnorm wrote
on Oct 30, 2009 7:59 AM
These socks are really cute and pretty simple once you get the gist of the pattern :o) I used size D and E hooks to make these for my teenage daughter. I do have one question though and I hope I can be clear in what I'm asking:
When going from the foot to the gusset - after completing the last foot round - when I line up the foundation edge and my tube is flat - do I need to do a few more ESC just to bring everything into the correct position to begin the gusset?? (in other words, to place the new markers so that they are 1 stitch away from either side)... ALSO... with the new markers; should there be fewer stitches on the top or bottom of the foot??? (e.g. size small sock - 40 stitches - new markers - now I have 17 stitches between markers on one side, 21 stitches between markers on the other - which is the top, which is the bottom??
All that said - I did complete a pair with the larger stitch count on the top but I think it should be the other way - but they still came out ok :o)
Thanks for a great pattern


on Dec 27, 2009 11:26 PM
Hello Dorothy,

I made one sock earlier this year just fine. I'm trying to finish the second sock but I'm having a lot of trouble with the Turn Heel.

Beginning at the midpoint marker I started row one.(Is this the top of the sock? I can't seem to get this oriented correctly.)

When I turn after the sl st is that still considered row one?

Does -7[9,11] sc between and including marked heel sts mean the same to sc 11 (large) sts after the turn?

Also in Rows 3 and 4 of the Heel Turn when it says "(2 sc in next st) twice", does that mean 2 sc in one st and 2 st in the next st?

Please help I have torn this out more times than I can remember. Thank you for sharing your pattern and your help.

daninlarksy wrote
on May 1, 2010 11:05 AM

I was using baby bootees as a pattern for this type of sock and just basically winging it. I am glad someone has made a pattern so I can take the guess work out of it.

But for a hint, if you like a baby crochet item, it easily fits larger styles if you use bigger hooks and thicker yarn, I have made many a beanie and bootee for adults this way as it has been so hard before the internet to find crochet patterns that werent all lacy and useless.

Thank you

aosheeps wrote
on May 23, 2010 11:37 AM


Where have you been all my life?   Finally the right kind of sox.  Can these be adapted for Knee high? I learned to knit out of desperation to make sox these are sooo much easier.

Thank you,


on Jul 24, 2010 2:40 PM

also having trouble with the turn heel directions. it says something about marked heel stitches, I don't remember marking any heel stitches. were the ones I marked earlier for the gusset supposed to be the heel markers? because I was under the impression that was the top of the sock. What did I do wrong?

entwyf wrote
on Feb 11, 2011 12:40 PM

I am about to start the ankle on the first sock of my first pair of Ultimate Crocheted Socks.  I followed the instructions carefully, and the sock fits around the ankle, but it is TOO long.  I want a sock 10.25" long, but it is TWE:LVE inches long.

Instructions for crocheting the foot say to crochet until the foot is 2.5" shorter than desired length.  Then instructions say to make the gusset.  Then the instructions say to make the heel.  As I measure it, the rows of the gusset plut the rows for the heel make the resulting sock about 1.75" longer than the length I desire.

To account for the length added by both the gusset and the heel, shouldn't the instructions say, essentially, stop when the foot is 4.25" shorter than desired length (from back of heel to tip of toe)?

Unless there is some part of the instructions I have missed, I have followed them very carefully and ended up with a sock that is just plain TOO big.  What am I doing wrong?


december30 wrote
on Mar 5, 2011 8:00 PM

hi dorothy.

i really like your pattern. i was wondering if you has a smaller size pattern for kids. my son wants me to crochet him a pair of socks for easter. every pattern i have come across was for adults and or looked like crap. yours was the first one that i found that looked like a sock and looks amazing. i can't wait to get started.



Sis3boyz wrote
on Mar 18, 2011 12:15 AM

Brilliant idea to use the extended single crochet stitch to give some stretchiness in the width of the sock! I have knit socks for 30 years because crochet socks didn't have enough stretch in the width to be easy enough to fit over my very high arch. I am switching to  this pattern for my socks for everyday use. Thank you for posting this creative pattern! After I make a few pairs to get used to the pattern I will try other stitch patterns for the calf, then post the results.

Maramas wrote
on Mar 27, 2011 11:04 PM

I've never made socks before, but I crochet plenty and thought I could tackle this. I managed just fine all the way through the gusset, as far as I could tell, but the instructions for turning the heel pretty much melted my brain. First I tried to understand, to visualize it in my head, but that didn't work because it jumps around, so I tried a leap of faith and just followed one stitch at a time.

It ended up working like I went 2/3 of the way down the row (not around the round, as we're working in rows on the bottom of the sock here, from what I understand), randomly slip stitched, crocheted to about 3/4 of the way, then turned, went about 2/3 of the way back, randomly slip stitched, continued a few more stitches, turned and crocheted to maybe halfway through what I had done, turned and went all the way back to the marked end stitch and something like ten stitches beyond.

Basically I was making a random lumpy chunk that kind of shrank in parts and grew in others. At this point there is nothing resembling a piece to continue the heel from, and I don't understand why I'm even marking all these stitches (what do I have here, like thirty stitch markers going? And yet none of them line up to anything else in future rows or further along, I'm just marking them for fun I guess). Please forgive all the sarcasm, it's really just because I don't understand. At all. I'm going to go try a sock pattern that doesn't make me feel like an imbecile.

Carol Sawka wrote
on May 27, 2011 5:52 AM

Just finished my first pair and am starting a pair for my size 12 son.  What kind of changes should I make in the foundation row?  I think Dorothy should change the part about the unique marker and just say, "Find the center of the top."  I made size s and the markers are NOT 1 inch from the sides. Erase that part.  With the heel, you MUST use markers and didigently move them each row, or you get confused with the slst and the sc.  For markers I used small plastic coated paper clips.  Open them up then bend them like booby pins.  Hang and unhang them quickly.


LaShay wrote
on Oct 10, 2011 5:12 PM

Can you please make a video on how to crochet these socks and post it to YouTube? :-)

Lovinlocks wrote
on Oct 17, 2011 9:26 AM

Hello Ms. Dorothy,

Thank you for sharing this sock pattern.  I think I now have the gumption to give this a try.  I have a feeling once I have it down pat I'll be addicted to making socks.  After all, you can not have too many pairs of socks!

aseron wrote
on Jun 22, 2013 12:23 PM

Dorothy, congratulations for writing such a lovely pattern and for sharing it, 

I've just finished my first pair and it won't be the last!!




KikiL wrote
on Jul 26, 2013 11:01 PM

Hi Dorothy!

Thanks for sharing this sock pattern. Great socks that work up quickly. :-)

I also adapted the pattern to make footies for when I only want my feet covered. :-D

They turned out great. Look funny cuz I have long skinny feet, but I couldn't have made them without your help.

So, thank you again for sharing this sock pattern.

buchaj wrote
on Oct 15, 2014 9:51 PM

Thank you, Dorothy, for such an easy pattern. I did have to adjust the fit around my ankle but once I had completed one I was on a roll. I was so excited with my first pair that I made a second! Whenever I flash my socks in public someone makes a comment. I am the talk of all the parties! Thank you for sharing.

buchaj wrote
on Oct 15, 2014 9:55 PM

Further to my comment, here they are...in glorious technicolour!!!

mel7ann wrote
on Oct 25, 2014 12:11 PM

Did anyone by chance photograph the steps of turning the heel? I have ripped out maybe a dozen attempts at this point and am at my wits end. Last pair of socks I made I compleatly improised turning the heel, and it did not fit as well as I had hoped. Photos or videos would be much appreciated! 

Aroria wrote
on May 16, 2015 6:43 PM

I have worked this pattern twice and have downsized from the first attempt and everything fits well except the heal. The heal comes out bulky. Is there a way to just size the heal down with out messing with the rest of the sock?

on May 24, 2015 11:39 PM

This is awesome. A friend of mine works at Echo Business Solutions and she said that most of the people who work there have homemade socks. This will help her outshine all of her coworkers! lol.

on May 24, 2015 11:47 PM

Oh! I almost forgot. They took pictures of their socks on "sock day at Echo Business Solutions!" Hahaha. These girls are cray cray! Check out their Echo Business Solutions Inc social media sites and you'll find em pretty easily. They are REALLY hard to miss!